Howard Gardner2004 Mahatma Gandhi Fellow

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    Howard Gardner is The John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education and Adjunct Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. He is best known for his theory of multiple intelligences, a critique of the notion that a single human intelligence exists that can be assessed by standard psychometric instruments, which he outlined in his breakthrough book, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences (1983). During the past two decades, Dr. Gardner has been heavily involved in school reform efforts in the United States. He and colleagues at Project Zero have been working on the design of performance-based assessments, education for understanding, and the use of multiple intelligences to achieve more personalized curricula, instruction, and assessment. Over the years, Project Zero has maintained a strong research commitment in the arts while gradually expanding its concerns to include education across all disciplines – not just for the individual, but for whole classrooms, schools, and other educational and cultural organizations. Much of his work takes place in American public schools, particularly those that serve disadvantaged populations.

    Recently, Dr. Gardner has been carrying out intensive case studies of exemplary creators and leaders. He and colleagues on The GoodWork Project have launched an investigation of the relationship between cutting-edge work in different domains and a sense of social responsibility. The GoodWork Project’s guiding question has been: How do individuals and institutions who wish to do good work succeed or fail at times when (1) material conditions are changing very quickly; (2) our sense of time and space is being radically altered by technology; and (3) market forces are unprecedentedly powerful and few, if any, counterforces of comparable powers exist? Dr. Gardner’s research also focuses on precollegiate education in an era of globalization, and on the nature of interdisciplinary study and teaching.

    Dr. Gardner is the author of more than twenty books. His most recent books includeMultiple Intelligences Around the World, edited with Jie-Qi Chen and Seana Moran. Other recent books include Five Minds for the Future (2006), Changing Minds(2004), Making Good (with W. Fischman, B. Solomon, and D. Greenspan, 2004),Good Work: When Excellence and Ethics Meet (with Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi and William Damon, 2001), The Disciplined Mind: Beyond Facts and Standardized Tests, The K-12 Education That Every Child Deserves (2000), and Intelligence Reframed (2000), as well as several hundred articles. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University. He is winner of a Guggenheim Fellowship (2000); the Grawemeyer Award in Education (1990); and a MacArthur Prize Fellowship (1981).

    He has received honorary degrees from twenty-one colleges and universities, including institutions in Ireland, Italy and Israel. In 2004 he was named an Honorary Professor at East China Normal University in Shanghai. In 2005 he was selected by Foreign Policy and Prospect magazines as one of 100 most influential public intellectuals in the world. In 2008, Dr. Gardner was selected by the Wall Street Journal as one of the most five most sought after thinkers in business and was named as one of the most influential people in business ethics by Ethisphere Magazine.