Special Editors: David B. Grusky, Timothy M. Smeeding, and C. Matthew Snipp This volume of The ANNALS explores how to improve measurement of social mobility, tackling normative and technical questions with an interdisciplinary approach. It presents what is known and what we need to know about social mobility in the U.S. and examines the quality of existing data available. The editors assess options for how the U.S. can effectively build the infrastructure necessary to monitor social mobility, making the case for creating a new American Opportunity Study (AOS) – a database linking existing data in social surveys to government administrative records.…Read More
Special Editor: Rachel M. Gisselquist Paving new ground in theory development, the articles in this volume of The ANNALS explore factors that contribute to institution-building in fragile states through comparative case studies. Such factors include the limits (and benefits) of domestic and foreign aid; the impact of a state’s historical strength; the impact of colonial and postcolonial interventions; and the political economy incentives for political leaders to sustain state fragility. Overall, the studies illustrate that aid has both positive and negative effects on institution-building in fragile states. Aid has the potential to contribute to state robustness through changing incentives and shaping…Read More
Special Editors: Laura W. Perna and Michael K. McLendon Today more than ever, higher education is profoundly important to the prosperity of U.S. society. It is increasingly required for jobs; produces higher earnings, which spurs economic growth; and encourages civic engagement, which strengthens the foundation of democracy. Although the benefits are clear, educational attainment in the United States has stalled. The United States trails its peers substantially, limiting its international competitiveness, and educational disparity exists across socioeconomic groups within the United States, furthering inequality of many kinds. The key to reversing this trend lies in policy innovations within higher education. This volume…Read More
Special Editors: Marcia J. Carlson and Daniel R. Meyer In this volume of The ANNALS, prominent scholars look at the various dynamics of today’s family complexity, focusing on families with minors. The articles present the context in which family complexity has developed and the factors that have increased its prevalence; provide evidence of how increasing changes in family composition are linked to income and poverty; and analyze the transforming roles and behaviors of parents, grandparents, and children. The authors also address the repercussions of family complexity on social and public policy, highlighting the need to enact effective policies and identifying…Read More
Special Editors: Ronald Weitzer and Sheldon X. Zhang This groundbreaking volume of The ANNALS offers empirical studies that explore the complexity, scope, and particular locales of human trafficking. The articles look beyond the misconceived portrayals of human trafficking, delving into often overseen dimensions of it, such as labor trafficking and migration, and provide breakthrough findings on victims, facilitators, and offenders. Further high-quality empirical analysis will bring about a better understanding of the nuances of human trafficking and can be used to inform future policies. To download articles from this volume, or purchase the entire volume, please visit The ANNALS home at Sage…Read More
Special Editor: Robert I. Rotberg With Nelson Mandela at the helm, South Africa overcame apartheid and entered a transitional era, brimming with optimism for sustainable transformation. But two decades and two post-Mandela leaders later, the country’s progress has stalled. The monopoly of the African National Congress and its focus on fulfilling its own self-interest and power plague the country, which was once propelled by moral momentum. The articles in this volume of The ANNALS, written largely by South Africans, explore the challenges facing contemporary South Africa. The authors suggest that improving governance through bold policies related to labor, education, security, and health…Read More
The United States’ government’s role and power in punishing its citizens has swelled considerably since the 1970s. The prison population is now five times what it was 35 years ago, and other government interventions, such as the use of stop-and-frisk, are expanding. Such changes in the criminal justice system have not been met with an examination of the criminal justice system’s effects on civic life and political participation.
This volume of The ANNALS fills this gap, by exploring the impacts of the heightened police state on the civic and political life of minority and low-income citizens. The authors of this volume analyze how the state’s increased criminal sanctions have advanced inequality, and explore issues of legitimacy and citizenship for individuals and communities. By shifting the conversation from how politics affect punishment to how punishment affects politics, this volume provides a nuanced lens for examining the consequences of our current criminal justice framework.
To purchase the volume or download single articles, please visit The ANNALS' home on SAGE Journals.
Following the Great Recession, we have heard renewed calls for increased government regulation of the economy (including finance, banking, insurance, communications, environment, and employment) as a necessary safeguard against the excesses of exuberant capitalism. At the same time, opponents argue that government regulation not only dampens market efficiencies and hinders economic growth in general but specifically encourages the predatory and fraudulent practices responsible for the Great Recession.
This volume of The ANNALS analyzes the bodies of scholarship on regulation as well as the empirical models and policy advice that have both fueled and responded to conventional public regulation by rethinking these paradigms from the perspective of the regulated organizations—in all their diversity and complexity. The volume suggests that a new common sense about regulation acknowledges the ubiquity of legal regulation and the contextual conditions that frame the normative interpretations, the global circulation of regulation that has transformed its scale, and finally the role of the organization as the locus of regulation.
As of 2013, it is estimated that there are 1.1 billion young people aged 15–24 in the developing world, accounting for nearly one-fifth (18.6 percent) of the total population. During this time of life, young people experience enormous changes due to physical maturation, which is accompanied by cognitive, social/emotional, and interpersonal changes.
The articles in this volume of The ANNALS explore these life changes, or transitions to adulthood, in the context of youths' domestic and international migration; the articles look at schooling, employment, and family formation; consequences of migration for health, reproductive outcomes, and childbearing; and migration strategies and consequences. All the articles presented here are innovative in their approach, and their findings advance our understanding of youths’ migration and transitions to adulthood in developing countries.
Over the last 25 years, social science on urban poverty has grappled primarily with evidence of deindustrialization and the loss of low-skilled manufacturing jobs. In turn, structural economic change has transformed family structure, educational attainment, crime, and geographic concentration of the poor. Researchers have approached these issues from a limited set of theoretical perspectives, perspectives wherein the core units of analysis, aside from the market, have been the individual and the neighborhood. The editors of this volume argue that, today, understanding the conditions of these highly disadvantaged populations requires a focus on not only individuals and theirneighborhoods but also, and perhaps more importantly, on theorganizations that structure their lives, the systems in which those organizations are embedded, and the institutions that regulate both.
To download full-text articles from this volume or to purchase the volume in hard copy, please visit The ANNAL’s home on Sage Journals Online.